Overview of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
The 1995 Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) took effect
on October 1, 1995, superseding the PRA of 1980, as amended in 1986. In
response to the new requirements of the 1995 PRA, the Office of Management
and Budget (OMB) issued a final rule on August 29, 1995 (60 FR 44978) that
changed the order and structure of OMB's previous implementing regulations
in order to clarify Federal agency and OMB responsibilities and to elaborate
upon the various requirements of the 1995 PRA.
The 1995 PRA changes existing law in several
Makes more explicit the responsibilities of Federal agencies in
developing proposed information collections and submitting them to OMB
for review and approval.
OMB requires Federal agencies to submit a supporting
statement, and to attach a copy of the public notice showing its date of
publication. The purpose of the supporting statement is to provide background
material and supporting analysis for the information contained on OMB Form
83-I. As part of its submission, an agency must provide OMB with information
on the type of information collection, a characterization of the affected
public, the annual reporting burden, the length of any recordkeeping requirement,
the annualized costs to respondents, and whether the request significantly
impacts a substantial number of small entities.
Requires Federal agencies to seek public comment concerning information
collections before submitting an ICR to OMB for clearance.
Requires Federal agencies to certify that their ICR complies with certain
standards and activities. The certification requirements are outlined
in the 10/95 version of the OMB Form 83-I (formerly the SF-83).
The certification requirements include such issues as avoiding duplication,
minimizing the burden on small entities, and specifying the duration of
Expands the definition of "collection of information" to include
all third-party and public information disclosures, recordkeeping and reporting
Defines the term "burden" to include the resources expended for
"acquiring, installing and utilizing technology and systems".
Emphasizes burden reduction, with specific yearly goals.